Rose de Rescht. Exact origin unknown. Rediscovered in Persia in 1945.
Rose de Rescht is a wonderful Portland Damask rose that was rediscovered in Persia in 1945 by an English gardener by the name of Nancy Lindsay, who brought it back with her and introduced it into commerce. I have seen two other references to this rose that indicate that it existed in culture in both Persia and North America prior to Miss Lindsay's discovery of it. One account places it as having grown on a ranch in Idaho in 1922. It was not known by any name at that time, but years later it was identified as being the same as existing plants of Rose de Rescht.
The second account of this rose prior to Nancy Lindsay comes from one of the two volumes of Ellen Wilmott's work, The Genus Rosa published in 1912. On page 39 there is a brief mention of a rose that the Persians know as Gul e Reschti, or Rose de Rescht. Although the entry is erroneously placed in the section on R. moschata, it is almost certainly describing the rose we know as Rose de Rescht.
Apparently, the 1843 catalog of William Rivers of London, England describes a rose called "Bernard" or "Pompone Perpetual", which Leonie Bell* felt was describing our very same Rose de Rescht. Catalog descriptions of that era are notorious for their exaggerated and sometimes intentionally falsified descriptions, so that we can only speculate as to their meaning. If, however, there is any truth to this catalog entry, then we can place the introduction of this rose in the early 1840's under the name "Bernard", or "Pompone Perpetual". Historically, it would certainly fit as the Damask Perpetuals were being developed during this period. As I say, though, it is all just speculation, and one of the wonderful mysteries of the Old Garden Rose history.
* Leonie Bell, in the American Rose Annual, 1974, p.47
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